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Obesity and Risks

Obesity is defined as 30% over ideal body weight or Body mass index over 30. Morbid Obesity is Body mass index over 40 or over 35 with comorbidities.

The following obesity grades are defined and based on the calculation of BMI.

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Obesity Trends

aibl.graph.trends.1990In 1990, 10 to 14% of the population in United States was obese. rates by stateBy 2013, the majority of the states had obesity rates between 25 and 35%.

 

National Burden of Obesity

Total medical cost for Obesity in 2009 was $152 billion

BMI of 30 to 40 (78 million Americans)

  • Had healthcare costs of 36% greater than normal weight individuals.
  • Had pharmacy costs of 77% greater than normal-weight individuals.

Health Ramifications of Obesity

Morbid obesity increases the risk for several life threatening medical conditions called “Co-morbidities” and also shortens life span. Please follow the above link to see the list of comorbidities.

Death rate

Every year 300,000 deaths are reported in the USA directly related to Obesity. This is approximately at the rate of 5-6% of the morbidly obese population every year!!

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Every year, 4 out of 100 morbidly obese individuals die because of obesity related health issues.
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Life expectancy of a 20-year-old morbidly obese male is 13 years shorter than a normal weight male of the same age.
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Morbidly obese individuals are 17 times more likely to develop cancer and 7 times more likely to develop diabetes